MECKA: MEthodologies for Constructing Knowledge Bases for
NAtural Language Processing Systems
MECKA began on October 1st 1992 and terminated on September
1994. In the project participated HCRC LTG, Great Britain, SRI
and CST, Denmark (project manager).
The primary objective of the project was to
investigate systematically the
task of knowledge engineering for natural language
processing, focusing on the inquiry about which information
is necessary, how it can be selected and what is the
relation and interdependency between linguistic and extralinguistic
knowledge more than on the study of knowledge
The methodology should be generally
applicable, i.e. it should not be
idiosyncratic to particular systems and/or
applications and should, to the
extent it is possible, make (re-)use of
existing resources. At the
beginning of the project, we decided to
concentrate on methodologies for
constructing knowledge bases for natural
language understanding systems
because they require the most deep and
complex types of knowledge. With small
modifications the proposed methodologies
can be applied for
constructing knowledge bases for other natural
language processing systems such as
information retrieval and machine
Moens, C. Navarretta. Strategies in NLP knowledge engineering.
ET-12 Project, Report 1, 1993. p. 48.
A Bech., A. Mikheev, M.Moens, C. Navarretta.
Information Contents. ET-12 Project, Report 2. 1993. p. 59.
C. Navarretta. Criteria
for 'support material'. ET-12 Project, Report 3. 1993. p.
Navarretta. Revised Methodology for Knowledge Engineering.
Project, Report 4 (Interim version). 1993. p. 51.
C. Navarretta. with contributions from
Mikheev A. Evaluation
of Existing Reusable Resources. ET-12 Project, Report 5. 1994 .p.
A. Mikheev and
Navarretta. Revised Methodology for Knowledge Engineering,
Project, Report 4, Final Version, 1994. p. 56.
A. Mikheev and C.
Navarretta. Implementation Report, ET-12 Project, Report 6,
1994. p. 62.
A. Mikheev and C.
Navarretta. Towards Automation, ET-12 Project, Report 7, 1994.
C. Navarretta, with contributions from A.
Mikheev. Final Report: Methodologies
Constructing Knowledge Bases for Natural Language Processing Systems,
Project, Report 8, 1994. p. 18.
C. Navarretta. Methodologies for
Knowledge Acquisition from NL
In: S.L. Hansen and H. Wegener (eds) Topics in Knowledge-based NLP
systems , Samfundslitteratur, Frederiksberg, 1994, p. 7-17
A. Bech and C. Navarretta. MECKA: Methodologies for
Knowledge Bases for NLP Systems. In: H. Albrechtsen and S.
Ørnager (eds) Knowledge Organization and Quality Management
of the Third International ISKO Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, number
4 in Advances in Knowledge Organization, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, June
1994. ISKO, Indeks Verlag, p. 147-153
Last Modified: Sep 2001